The 2006 Minnesota Wind Integration Study found that enough wind power to supply up to 25% of Minnesota's retail electricity sales by 2020 can be reliably incorporated by the electric power system at minimal additional cost. The study was ordered by the Minnesota Legislature. Find a summary slide presentation here.
Policy - State Level
The Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE) is a comprehensive database of incentives for wind and other forms of renewable energy. It is a great resource for up-to-date policy information.
Interconnection is the process of hooking your wind electricity generator into the larger electricity grid.
Interconnection standards and policies vary from state to state, and can have a large impact on the economics and feasibility of wind projects.
Learn more about interconnection standards from The Interstate Renewable Energy Council's Connecting to the Grid program.
Net metering is a way for you to connect your small wind turbine behind the meter at your home, business or farm. This system is designed to allow energy generated at your home farm or business to offset some or all of the electricity you use. If your generator is producing more electricity than you can consume the excess is sold back to the utility. The price that a project receives for the excess electricity varies from state to state and from utility to utility.
Net metering can be very helpful for the economics of a wind project because it allows a qualifying facility to receive retail rate for a portion or all of the electricity generated. Currently more than 35 states and the District of Columbia have net metering programs requiring utilities purchase power from systems that qualify for the program. Each state has different rules and regulations. To find out if net metering is available in your state, what systems qualify and how to take advantage of the programs visit the Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy.
Sixteen states have established clean energy funds to promote renewable energy and clean energy technologies.
These states are:
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- Rhode Island
For more information, visit the Clean Energy States Alliance.
Renewable Electricity Standards (also called Renewable Portfolio Standards) are among the stronger policies used today by states seeking to encourage renewable energy development.
Learn more through the Union of Concerned Scientists' Renewable Electricity Standards Toolkit.
A minimum renewable energy requirement for a region's electricity mix. Under an RES, electricity suppliers are required to provide some percentage of its supply from renewable energy sources. RPS proposals frequently ease that requirement by including a tradable credit system under which electricity suppliers can meet the requirement by buying and selling renewable energy credits (RECs).
A state agency that adopts environmental rules, monitors their effectiveness, and revises them as appropriate; provides technical assistance to interpret and apply rules. (This varies from state to state).